Best known for his work in collaboration with director Tim Burton
, composer Danny Elfman
created one of the most distinctive bodies of work in contemporary film music, bringing his talents to a dark fantasy world populated by superheroes, monsters and freaks. The son of novelist Blossom Elfman, he was born May 29, 1953 in Amarillo, Texas. Raised in Los Angeles, he and brother Richard relocated to France in 1971, where he joined a theatrical group. Elfman subsequently moved on to Africa, returning to the U.S. only after battling a bout with malaria; he then reunited with Richard, who had directed the 1980 film The Forbidden Zone and asked Danny to compose the score. Assembling a band dubbed the Mystic Knights of Oingo Boingo
, Elfman recorded the movie's soundtrack. Abbreviated to simply Oingo Boingo
, the group remained a going concern following the project's completion, later earning a significant cult following during the new wave era.
In 1985 Elfman met fledgling filmmaker Burton; after collaborating on the score to the hit Pee-Wee's Big Adventure, they reunited frequently in the years to come, with Elfman composing the music to later Burton projects including Beetlejuice
, Edward Scissorhands
, Mars Attacks! and the Grammy-winning Batman
. In 1993, he also scored the Burton-produced Nightmare Before Christmas, dubbing the vocals of the animated musical's lead character Jack Skellington. Outside of Tim Burton
's sphere of influence, Elfman also scored a number of other features in the '80s and '90s, most of them strange fables such as Darkman
, Dick Tracy
, Army of Darkness and The Frighteners. His 1997 scores for the drama Good Will Hunting and that summer's biggest box office hit, Men in Black
, garnered his first Academy Award nominations. Among his television work was his Emmy-nominated theme for The Simpsons
and Emmy-winning theme for Desperate Housewives
In addition to his marriage to actress Bridget Fonda in 2003, the new century brought continued professional accolades, among them new Burton collaborations. Another Academy Award nomination resulted from his work on Burton's 2003 film Big Fish, and the two partnered for other projects including but not limited to 2005's The Corpse Bride, 2010's Alice in Wonderland, and 2012's Frankenweenie. In the meantime, he released a symphony on Sony Classical in 2006 titled Serenada Schizophrana, and earned his fourth Academy Award nomination for Gus Van Sant's Milk in 2009. His steady workload also included 2012's Silver Linings Playbook and the bio-pic Hitchcock, 2013's Oz the Great and Powerful and American Hustle, and 2015's Fifty Shades of Grey, Avengers: Age of Ultron, and Goosebumps.